五. 习惯用法要记住


主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。例如:


It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and… (of)


We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. (of)


六. 句子成分多分析


不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如:


They ∧ eager to know everything about China and…(were)


I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. (which)


第一例漏掉了谓语动词were,这是受汉语习惯的影响而导致的错误;第二例则是词类与它在句子中的成分不相符,where是副词,不能作主语。


七. 逻辑错误须关注


与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如:


The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. (their)


First, let me tell you something more about myself. (去掉more)


… no way of setting the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead. (everyone)


上述第一例中的主语是Smiths(史密斯夫妇俩),因此后面的his不合逻辑。第二例中的more在这儿表“再”的意思,才开始告诉别人,怎么能说“再告诉你一些事”?第三例讲的是为了解决看电视时的争端,“我们”把电视机卖了;晚上没电视看了,所以与从前一样,大家又都读书了,所以该用 everyone。


除了上述错误类型外,常考的错误形式还有:连词but, and, or和so的用法错误(可以归类为逻辑错误),以及冠词的用法错误等。例如:


She was smiling but nodding at me. (and)


It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. (or)


We may be one family and live under a same roof.(the)


洲宇教育:优质的教育资源改变学生的一生。