帖子主题: 几种特殊的反义疑问句  

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发表于:2012-10-14 16:13:41
1.祈使句。祈使句后一般加上will you或won't you构成反意疑问句,用will you 多表示“请求”,用won't you 多表示提醒对方注意。例如:Look at the blackboard, will you/ won't you?
Let引导的祈使句有两种情况:
1) Let's...,后的反意疑问句用shall we或shan't we。例如:Let's go home, shall we/ shan't we?
还可以用may I来表示征求对方的同意或许可。
2)Let us/me...后的反意疑问句用will you或won't you。例如:Let me have a try, will you/won't you?
2.感叹句。感叹句后加反意疑问句时,其反意疑问句需用be的一般现在时态的否定形式。例如:
What fine weather, isn't it?
3. 当陈述部分谓语动词是need, dare, 且这些词被用作实义动词时,其反意疑问句需用do的适当形式。例如:He needs help, doesn't he?
4.陈述部分主、谓语是I am...时,反意疑问句用aren't I 或ain't I ,而不是am not I (可用am I not)。例如:
I'm working now, ain't I?
5.陈述部分的主语是everything, nothing, anything或something 时,反意疑问句的主语应用代词it。例如:
Something is wrong with my radio, isn't it?
6.陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 时, 其反意疑问句的主语需用复数代词they。例如:
Everyone is here, aren't they?    No one knows about it, do they?
7.陈述部分的主语是指示代词this或that时,反意疑问句的主语用it,当陈述部分的主语是指示代词these或those时,其反意疑问句的主语用they。例如:
This is a plane, isn't it?        These are grapes,aren't they?
8.陈述部分的主语是不定代词one时,反意疑问句的主语可以用one,也可用you(美式英语用he)。例如:
One should be ready to help others, shouldn't one?
9.当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。例如:He is never late for school, is he?
10.当陈述部分所含的否定词是通过加前缀或后缀构成的,其后的反意疑问句依然用否定结构。例如:
It is unfair, isn't it?
11.含有否定含义的词在陈述部分作动词的宾语时,其反意疑问句用肯定结构,也可以用否定结构。例如:
You got nothing from him, did you?
12.当陈述部分主语是从句、不定式(短语)、动词-ing形式时,反意疑问句的主语应该用it。例如:
What you need is more important, isn't it?
13.当陈述部分含I think (believe, suppose...)that... 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如: I don't think he will come, will he?
14.have(has)在固定词组中,并在句中做谓语时,其反意疑问句的助动词要用do, does, did。例如:
They had a meeting just now,didn't they?
15. 1).若句中是 has to / have to / had to ,表 "不得不" 附加疑问句的谓语用doesn't / don't / didn't 进行反问.
They had to leave early , ______ ______ ?
2).若句中是has / have / had 表"有 ", 其附加疑问句的谓语用do/ does / did 进行反问。
He has few friends in the new school , ______ ______?
3).若句中是has/ have / had +过去分词时,其反义疑问句的谓语用has/have/had进行反问。
He has never been to Beijing , _____ _____?
She had studied a few English songs by the end of last month. ,______ ______?
16.陈述部分是there be句型时,其反意疑问句中要用there。例如:There was a hospital here, wasn't there?
17.陈述部分有had better时,反意疑问句中要用hadn't。例如:We had better go to school at once, hadn't we?
18.当陈述部分含有情态动词must时,我们便要分析一下must的含义。如果must 作“一定;要;必须”讲,反意疑问句须用mustn't或needn't;而当must作推测意义“一定是;必定”讲时,反意疑问句则需根据must后的动词原形选用相应的形式 即表推测的情态动词的附加疑问句,其附加疑问句与情态动词后的动词一致。
He must work hard at physics, mustn't he?       Tom must be at home,isn't he?
19.关于宾语从句的反义疑问句,分以下几种情况:
I don't think he is right,________?      They think he is right,______?
I told them that I had received some letters that day,______?
1)、主句的主语为第一人称(I、we),此时反义疑问句应与从句一致。
e.g. I think he is right, isn't he ?
这种情况下,如果存在否定前移,应先把否定转移到从句处,再做反义疑问句。方法仍是肯定句的方法。
2)、(1)主句的主语为第二、三人称时,反义疑问句与主句一致。
特别要提到的是,否定前移只适用于主语为第一人称的时候,所以此时不存在前移的问题,主句肯定就是肯定,否定就是否定,不必考虑其 他。
e.g. They think he is right , don't they?        They don't think he is right, do they?
(2)时态问题:主句如果是一般过去时等,时态与主句时态保持一致。
e.g. I told them that I had received some letters that day, didn't I ?
此时反义疑问句中的“I”是宾语从句的主语,人称仍应与宾语从句保持一致。
主句第一人称,反义疑问句与从句一致,注意否定时的情况;主句第二三人称,反义疑问句与主句一致;主句如果是一般过去时等,反义疑问句时态与主句一致。
20. 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。
I wish to have a word with you, may I?
21. 含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。
He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he?
22. 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用don't +主语 或 usedn't + 主语。
He used to take pictures there, didn't he? / usedn't he?
23. 陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn't +主语。
He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he?
24. 陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。
You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you?
25. 陈述部分由neither… nor, either… or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。
Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?
20. 反义疑问句的回答:
反义疑问句的回答要根据事实作答,若事实是肯定的,就用“Yes , +肯定形式。”
若事实是否定的,就用“No, +否定形式。”
She didn't come to school yesterday, did she ?
_________, though she was not feeling well.
A. No, she didn't   B. No , she did  C. Yes , she didn't  D. Yes , she did
 
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发表于:2015-09-08 15:50:50
主句的主语为第一人称(I、we),此时反义疑问句应与从句一致。
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发表于:2015-09-09 08:30:29
当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。例如:He is never late for school, is he?

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发表于:2015-09-09 17:55:13
陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。
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发表于:2015-09-14 08:08:27
陈述部分由neither… nor, either… or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。
Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?

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几种特殊的反义疑问句


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