帖子主题: [经验分享] 直接引语转间接引语  

论坛级别: 硕士研究生
学术等级: 童生
发帖:2055
经验:2579
鲜花:8
勋章:7
离线
发表于:2015-04-01 11:12:30
直接引语转间接引语是初中英语的一个难点,需要注意的转化固定方式多且复杂,希望下面的小结对大家的学习和理解有所帮助。

引用或转述别人说的话时,采用两种形式:一是一字不改地将别人的话加以引用,这叫直接引语;二是用自己的话加以转述,这叫间接引语。一般来讲,直接引语须放在引号内,间接引语不必用引号,而且多用宾语从句的形式表达。
1、人称的变化
人称代词的变动情况要根据语境及转述人的不同作相应变化,一般情况下,与汉语中的变化相同。可记住一个口诀:“一主、二宾、三不变”。即第一人称按照主句中的主语变化,第二人称按照主句中的宾语变化,第三人称一般不需要变化。例如:
1) He said, “I am glad to see you.”
→He said that he was glad to see me.
2) “Do you know the man over there” Mary said to Tom.
→Mary asked Tom if he knew the man over there.
3) Jim said to me, “Jane left her schoolbag at home.”
→Jim told me that Jane had left her schoolbag at home.
2、时态的变化。
1)当引述的动词为现在时形式时,间接引语中的动词时态不变。例如:
Tom says, “Our teacher is kind to us.”
→Tom says that their teacher is kind to them
2)当引述的动词为过去时形式时,间接引语中的动词作如下变更:
一般现在时→一般过去时 过去进行时→不变
一般过去时→过去完成时 将来进行时→过去将来进行时
一般将来时→过去将来时 现在完成时→过去完成时
现在进行时→过去进行时 过去完成时→不变
He said, “I will leave for Beijing tomorrow.”
→He said that he would leave for Beijing the next day.
如果所转述的内容表示客观真理或有表示某一绝对具体的过去时间作状语,间接引语中动词的时态不变。例如:
The teacher said, “The earth is round.”
→The teacher said that the earth is round.
He said, “I was born in 1980.”
→He said that he was born in 1980.
3、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和表示“方向”动词的变化
this → that, these → those; now → then, today → that day, tomorrow the next (following) day, next week → the next week, yesterday → the day before, last night → the night before, ago → before; here → there; come → go.
如果在当地转述, here不必改为there, 动词come不必改为 go; 如果在当天转述,yesterday,tomorrow等时间状语也不必改变。例如:
Kate said, “I will come here tomorrow to help these children with their English.”
→Kate said that she would go there the next day to help those children with their English.(不是在当天当地转述)
→Kate said that she will come here tomorrow to help these children with their English.(在当天当地转述)
二、当直接引语是陈述句时
直接引语是陈述句时,间接引语用that引导,但在口语中that可以省去。从句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语和地点状语等要作相应的变化。例如:
She said to me, “I came back an hour ago.”
→She said totold me that she had come back an hour before.
 
论坛级别: 硕士研究生
学术等级: 童生
发帖:3045
经验:3805
鲜花:12
勋章:6
离线
发表于:2015-04-02 08:47:05
送花 学习啦

inner peace-中小学教育网
论坛级别: 硕士研究生
学术等级: 童生
发帖:2833
经验:2910
鲜花:20
勋章:16
离线
发表于:2015-04-03 08:18:13
学习了,感谢分享

道生一,一生二,二生三,三生万物
论坛级别: 博士生
学术等级: 童生
发帖:5554
经验:6246
鲜花:15
勋章:11
离线
发表于:2015-04-03 11:58:33
内容很全面,喜欢
论坛级别: 初中生
学术等级: 童生
发帖:204
经验:211
鲜花:0
勋章:0
离线
发表于:2015-04-27 15:04:18
快速回复主题

直接引语转间接引语


    您尚未登录,发表回复前请先登录,或者 注册
  Ctrl+Enter直接发表