1) He said, “I am glad to see you.”
→He said that he was glad to see me.
2) “Do you know the man over there” Mary said to Tom.
→Mary asked Tom if he knew the man over there.
3) Jim said to me, “Jane left her schoolbag at home.”
→Jim told me that Jane had left her schoolbag at home.
Tom says, “Our teacher is kind to us.”
→Tom says that their teacher is kind to them
He said, “I will leave for Beijing tomorrow.”
→He said that he would leave for Beijing the next day.
The teacher said, “The earth is round.”
→The teacher said that the earth is round.
He said, “I was born in 1980.”
→He said that he was born in 1980.
this → that, these → those; now → then, today → that day, tomorrow the next (following) day, next week → the next week, yesterday → the day before, last night → the night before, ago → before; here → there; come → go.
如果在当地转述， here不必改为there, 动词come不必改为 go； 如果在当天转述，yesterday，tomorrow等时间状语也不必改变。例如：
Kate said, “I will come here tomorrow to help these children with their English.”
→Kate said that she would go there the next day to help those children with their English.（不是在当天当地转述）
→Kate said that she will come here tomorrow to help these children with their English.（在当天当地转述）
She said to me, “I came back an hour ago.”
→She said totold me that she had come back an hour before.